Salix OS MATE
Salix OS MATE is an open source distribution of Linux specifically designed to be used on low-end machines and computers that no longer support installations of modern operating systems.
It is based on the Slackware Linux distribution and built around the lightweight MATE desktop environment, which provides users with a tradition desktop environment in the style of GNOME 2.
Availability and installation
The project is distributed as a single, CD-size ISO image, engineered to be deployed on both 32-bit (i386) and 64-bit (amd64) instruction set architectures. Please keep in mind that this is not a Live CD and it can only be installed on a local disk drive.
The ISO image can be written to a blank or RW CD disc or a USB flash drive or at least 1GB in size. When booting from these media, you will see a boot prompt that allows you to enter specific kernel parameters, so most users should just hit Enter.
The installation process takes place in text mode. Basically, you'll have to select a keyboard layout, choose an installation method (automatic or manual), select the target disk, select the source media (CD, USB, HDD, etc.), and choose what to install, configure and install the boot loader, set the clock and timezone, and set up users and software mirrors.
Traditional desktop environment, traditional applications
As mentioned, the distro uses the MATE desktop environment, which comprises of two panels, a top one for accessing the main menu, system tray area and launch applications, and a bottom one for interacting with running apps and switching between the virtual workspaces.
Default applications include the Leafpad text editor, Claws Mail email client, LibreOffice office suite, Pidgin instant messenger, Mozilla Firefox web browser, Transmission torrent downloader, Wicd network manager, Geany IDE, Meld diff and merge utility, Asunder Audio-CD rippper, Exaile music player, Totem video player, Viewnior image viewer, and GIMP image editor.
All in all, Salix OS MATE is a lightweight distribution of Linux, designed from the ground up to be used on low-end machines, providing users with a traditional, yet attractive desktop environment.