Ubuntu 13.10 is an open source and freely distributed Linux operating system based on the well known Debian GNU/Linux project. It uses a user-friendly, unique, modern and beautiful desktop environment called Unity 3D.
Distributed as a 32-bit, 64-bit and 64-bit Mac Live DVDs
It’s available for download as Live DVD ISO images, supporting the 64-bit (amd64), 32-bit (i386) and 64-bit for Macintosh systems. All these ISOs can be burned to DVD discs or written to USB flash drives.
From the boot prompt, users can try Ubuntu without installing anything on their computers, run a memory diagnostic test, start an existing operating system installed on the first hard disk, as well as to install Ubuntu without testing it (not recommended).
Under the hood
Under the hood, we can mention that Ubuntu 13.10 is powered by Linux kernel 3.11.3, X.Org 7.7, XOrg Server 1.14.3, Mesa 9.2.1, Upstart 1.10, GCC 4.8.1 toolchain, Python 3.3, Ghostscript 9.10, CUPS 1.7, and Cairo 1.12.16. It uses the same Unity 3D user interface found on the Ubuntu 13.04 (Raring Ringtail) release.
Default applications include the Mozilla Firefox web browser, Mozilla Thunderbird email and news client, Empathy multi-protocol instant messenger, Shotwell image viewer and organizer, Transmission torrent downloader, Remmina remote desktop client, Deja Dup backup tool, and LibreOffice office suite.
Additionally, it includes various useful utilities that are usually distributed with the GNOME desktop environment, such as the Brasero CD/DVD burning software, Eye of GNOME image viewer, Totem video player, Gedit text editor, Evince document viewer, Rhythmbox music player, Nautilus file manager, Disks disk management tool, and Orca screen reader and magnifier.
It is no longer supported by Canonical
Dubbed Saucy Salamander, the 13.10 release of the Ubuntu Linux OS was officially unveiled by Canonical on October 17, 2013. It was supported with security updates and important bugfixes until July 2014.