0.3.1 The Apache License 2.0    


CollectD and StatsD adapter for Graphite




Bucky is a small web server for collecting and translating metrics for Graphite. It can current collect metric data from CollectD daemons and from StatsD clients.


You can install with easy_install or pip as per normal modus operandi:

 easy_install bucky

# or

pip install bucky

After installing, you can run Bucky like:


By default, Bucky will open a CollectD UDP socket on, a StatsD socket on as well as attempt to connect to a local Graphite (Carbon) daemon on

These are all optional as illustrated below. You can also disable the CollectD or StatsD servers completely if you so desire.

Running Bucky For Real

The astute observer will notice that Bucky has no flags for daemonization. This is quite on purpose. The recommended way to run Bucky in production is via runit. There's an example service directory in Bucky's source repository.

Command Line Options

The command line options are limited to controlling the network parameters. If you want to configure some of the more intricate workings you'll need to use a config file. Here's the bucky -h output:

Usage: main.py [OPTIONS] [CONFIG_FILE]

 --collectd-ip=IP IP address to bind for the CollectD UDP socket
 --collectd-port=INT Port to bind for the CollectD UDP socket [25826]
 Path to the collectd types.db file
 --disable-collectd Disable the CollectD UDP server
 --statsd-ip=IP IP address to bind for the StatsD UDP socket
 --statsd-port=INT Port to bind for the StatsD UDP socket [8125]
 --disable-statsd Disable the StatsD server
 --graphite-ip=IP IP address of the Graphite/Carbon server []
 --graphite-port=INT Port of the Graphite/Carbon server [2003]
 --full-trace Display full error if config file fails to load
 --version show program's version number and exit
 -h, --help show this help message and exit

Config File Options

The configuration file is a normal Python file that defines a number of variables. Most of command line options can also be specified in this file (remove the "--" prefix and replace "-" with "_") but if specified in both places, the command line takes priority. The defaults as a config file:

# Prefix for collectd metric names
collectd_conv_prefix = None

# Postfix for collectd metric names
collectd_conv_postfix = None

# Replace periods (.) in metric names with this value
collectd_replace = "_"

# If a path has identical repeated components, collapse
# them to a single instance. Ie, a.b.b.c becomes a.b.c
collectd_strip_duplicates = True

# These hostnames will be removed from hostnames that
# are received. Ie, if "foo.bar.cloudant.com" comes in
# and "cloudant.com" is listed, then the resulting
# hostname will be "foo.bar".
collectd_host_trim = []

# CollectD metrics need to have a name generated for
# use by Graphite. Here you can register a special
# handler for metrics based on the CollectD plugin
# name.
# For instance, the CollectD CPU plugin ends up with
# metric names like "host.cpu.0.cpu.idle" to remove
# the second instance CPU we can register a plugin
# to generate the name.
# The dict key should be the CollectD plugin name
# and the value should be an callable that accepts
# a single argument and returns a list of strings.
collectd_converters = {}

# Optionally disable the system wide search for
# converter plugins.
# converters.
collectd_use_entry_points = True

# The number of seconds that the StatsD daemon should
# wait before flushing values.
statsd_flush_time = 10

Configuring CollectD

You should only need to add something like this to your collectd.conf:

LoadPlugin "network"

< Plugin "network" >
 Server "" "25826"
< /Plugin >

Obviously, you'll want to match up the IP addresses and ports and make sure that your firewall's are configured to allow UDP packets through.

Configuring StatsD

Just point your StatsD clients at Bucky's IP/Port and you should be good to go.

A note on CollectD converters

CollectD metrics aren't exactly directly translatable to Graphite metric names. The default translator attempts to make a best guess but this can result in slightly less than pretty Graphite trees.

For this reason, Bucky has configurable converters. These are keyed off the CollectD plugin name. The input to these functions is a representation of the CollectD metric that looks like such:

 'host': 'toroid.local',
 'interval': 10.0,
 'plugin': 'memory',
 'plugin_instance': '',
 'time': 1320970329.175534,
 'type': 'memory',
 'type_instance': 'inactive',
 'value': 823009280.0,
 'value_name': 'value',
 'value_type': 1

The result of this function should be a list of strings that represent part of the Graphite metric name. For instance, if a converter returned ["foo", "bar"], the final metric name will end up as: $prefix.$hostname.foo.bar.$postfix.

An example builtin converter looks like such:

# This might be how you define a converter in
# your config file

class MemoryConverter(object):
 def __call__(self, sample):
 return ["memory", sample["type_instance"]]

collectd_converters = [MemoryConverter()]

Collectors also have a notion of priority in order to resolve conflicts. This is merely a property on the callable named "PRIORITY" and larger priorities are preferred. I don't imagine this will need to be used very often, but its there just in case.

Converters can either be declared and/or imported in the optional config file, or they can be autodiscovered via entry points. The entry point that is searched is "bucky.collectd.converters". The entry point name should be the CollectD plugin name.
Last updated on August 18th, 2012

#translate metrics #collect metrics #Graphite #metrics #translator #collector

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