XOTcl 1.6.7

XOTcl is an Object-oriented scripting language.
XOTcl (XOTcl, pronounced exotickle) is an object-oriented scripting language based on MIT's OTcl. XOTcl is intended as a value added replacement for OTcl.

XOTcl is an open source project which was initiated by Gustaf Neumann and Uwe Zdun, its main developers. The following people have contributed to XOTcl: Neophytos Demetriou, Fredj Dridi, Laurent Duperval, Teemu Hukkanen, MichaelL@frogware.com, Kristoffer Lawson, David LeBlanc, Catherine Letondal, Antti Salonen, Daniel Steffen, and Zoran Vasiljevic.

Scripting languages, like Tcl, are designed for glueing components together, provide features like dynamic extensibility and dynamic typing with automatic conversion, that make them well suited for rapid application development.

The basic object system of XOTcl is adopted from OTcl. The object system enables us to define objects, classes, and meta-classes. Classes are special objects with the purpose of managing other objects. ``Managing'' means that a class controls the creation and destruction of its instances and that it contains a repository of methods accessible for the instances.

Every object may be enhanced with object-specific methods. XOTcl supports single and multiple inheritance. All relationships in XOTcl, including class and superclass relationships, are completely dynamic and can be introspected. Through method chaining without explicit naming of the intended method, ambiguities in name resolution of methods are avoided. This way a shadowed method can be ``mixed into'' the execution of the current method.

XOTcl combines the ideas of scripting and object-orientation in a way that preserves the benefits of both of them. It is equipped with several new language functionalities that help building and managing complex systems. We added the following support:

Main features:

  • Dynamic Object Aggregations, to provide dynamic aggregations through nested namespaces (objects).
  • Nested Classes, to reduce the interference of independently developed program structures.
  • Assertions, to reduce the interface and the reliability problems caused by dynamic typing and, therefore, to ease the combination of many components.
  • Meta-data, to enhance self-documentation of objects and classes.
  • Per-object mixins, as a means to improve flexibility of mixin methods by giving an object access to several different supplemental classes, which may be changed dynamically.
  • Per-class mixins, as a means to improve flexibility of mixin methods to a class, all instances of the class have access to the mixed in methods like for multiple inheritance, but without the need of intersection classes.
  • Filters (per class and per object) as a means of abstractions over method invocations to implement large program structures, like design patterns.
  • Conditional Filters and Mixins can be used to perform context aware composition depending on guards (conditions which decide whether the interceptor should be used). All kinds of filters or mixins can be used conditionally.
  • Dynamic Component Loading XOTcl integrates the Tcl package loading with architectrual support for integration with object-oriented constructs. Moreover, it provides tracking/tracing of component loading.

last updated on:
November 3rd, 2011, 12:48 GMT
license type:
GPL (GNU General Public License) 
developed by:
Gustaf Neumann and Uwe Zdun
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