Ovm 1.4

A real-time Java virtual machine

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What's new in Ovm 1.4:

  • Includes Minuteman RTGC framework which allows to select from newly supported RTGC features: time-based scheduling (periodic, slack, and hybrid - a combination of both), incremental stack scanning, replication or Brooks barrier, incremental object copy, arraylets, memory usage, and GC pause profiling and tracing. Includes also many bugfixes allowing to run most of the Dacapo benchmarks, the pseudo-JBB benchmark, and the new version of the Collision detector benchmark.
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GPL (GNU General Public License) 
Christian Grothoff
ROOT \ Programming \ Code Generators
Ovm is a tool for generating virtual machines. It includes a variety of compilers, garbage collectors, and threading systems that can be used to create a free-standing VM.

This VM can (and currently must) be specialized to a particular application. Ovm is currently able generate virtual machines for ordinary Java programs, and programs written to the Real-time Specification for Java.

Code using dynamic loading, native calls or finalizers will need to be adapted to work with Ovm.

The implementation of the real-time APIs is also incomplete - see the package.html file in src/syslib/user/ovm_realtime/javax/realtime for details.

This is a BETA release. Ovm still has known bugs that can lead to unexpected behavior, especially when migrating large applications to Ovm.


Ovm is regularly tested on Linux/x86, Linux/ppc, and OS X/ppc. The JIT only works on x86. Ovm requires a Sun, IBM, or Apple release of Java 1.4 and gcc 3.x to build. 256 MB of main memory are also required, 1 GB are recommended.

In order to run Java applications under Ovm, it is strongly recommended that you compile the applications against Ovm's version of the JDK (which is based on GNU classpath). This is the easiest way to ensure that you do not rely on library functionality that is not available. Instructions on how to compile Java code against the Ovm JDK are in the file TUTORIAL. The TUTORIAL also describes how to run the SPEC JVM and the real-time benchmarks.

Also note that all class files must have been compiled to the format defined by the javac -target 1.1 setting. This restriction will be removed in the future.

At this point in time, Ovm always requires whole-world compilation of the application. Ovm has three execution backends, an interpreter, a JIT and J2C which is a front-end to GCC. Both the interpreter and the JIT are intended to be used in conjunction with dynamic loading in the future. At this stage, building Ovm with these configurations is only useful for development purposes. All benchmarking should always be done with the J2C configuration with gcc-3.4.

Last updated on December 9th, 2009

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