Lookup Tables C Code Generator 1.89198

Two command line tools for generating C code
Lookup Tables C Code Generator contains two command line tools for generating C code implementing lookup tables. One is for integer keys, the other for string keys.

An good example is implementing Unicode support: you typically need a lot of lookup tables for sparse, non-contiguous integer sets. With mkhashtable, you create a hash table easily and get a compact and fast static hash table without much hassle.

Integer Hashing: mkhashtable

The tool for generating integer lookup tables follows a similar idea as gperf, generating a hash table, but the input keys are no strings, but integers.

If you have a set of integers you want to lookup and/or map to other values, i.e., you need an integer dictionary, this is your tool. This is especially true if the integer set is non-contiguous.

mkhashtable is a C++ application that pre-computes a two-bucket cuckoo hash table from a set of integers. The resulting table is very compact (typically the utilisation is 80%), it can be linked statically with your program, and lookup is very fast, the worst case is O(1) with maximally two hash operations.

Further, computing the hash table is fast, too, and the tool allows tuning the generation algorithm for very large sets, trading generation speed for table utilisation as needed.

Cuckoo hash tables have been shown to perform very well on modern processors with caches, because they get rid of the heap-wide distributed linked lists usually used by chaining hashing methods. Instead, all keys and values are stored in one contiguous block of memory.

Future versions of mkhashtable will allow generation of other types of cuckoo hash tables with different numbers of buckets and hash functions, to squeeze the tables even more (trading for lookup speed).

String Switch: mkstringswitch

If you need a string dictionary, then mkstringswitch is just your tool: it is similar to gperf, taking a specification and generating C code, but the technique for lookup is different: instead of finding a hash function, mkstringswitch uses switch() + memcmp/strcmp to recursively match the strings.

You can use this for very large sets if gperf takes a long time to compute a solution, or for small sets if you forgot how to use gperf and want to get code quickly.

last updated on:
January 26th, 2009, 3:24 GMT
license type:
GPL v3 
developed by:
Henrik Theiling
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Lookup Tables C Code Generator
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