mod_curb 1.1

mod_curb is a cumulative bandwidth limiting module for Apache.
mod_curb is a cumulative bandwidth limiting module for Apache.

This module was written to solve the problem of limiting the bandwidth usage of a hosted website.

Several small hosting companies will happily give you a co-located box with a set data transfer limit, such as '2Gb of traffic per month'. They will charge you extortionately if you go over this limit...

I've looked around and I can't find a simple software solution to limit the data that Apache will serve, so I wrote one.

Alternative Solutions

The obvious solution is to store your files on a FTP server such as ProFTPd, and get Apache to redirect to that using mod_proxy, or something similar.

That's the only approach I could think of - things like mod_bandwidth, or mod_throttle just allow you to limit the current connections to prevent saturation - they don't keep track of the cumulative transfer over a given time period. (Yes mod_throttle does have 'Volume' limiting, but its not sufficient for my kind of limiting).

Options

There are only a few configuration options to play with:

BandWidthExceeded The URL to redirect to if the bandwidth is exceeded.
BandWidthLimit The maximum bandwidth to allow, eg '2Gb', '650Mb'
BandWidthMonitorURL A URL which may be used to monitor in real time the current bandwidth served, eg '/mod_curb/status'.

More options should be forthcoming to vary the timeframe for which allocations are possible...

Building

If you're running Debian, or RedHat Linux and you have got the 'apache-dev' package installed you should be able to build the module with a simple 'make -f Makefile-dev install'.

Otherwise rebuild Apache from source with something like this:

./configure --add-module=../mod-curb-1.0/mod_curb.c
--enable-shared=curb --enable-shared=status --enable-module=so

A minimal configuration will look something like this:

# Bandwidth limiting requires mod_status
LoadModule status_module libexec/mod_status.so
ExtendedStatus on

# Load the limiting code.
LoadModule mod_curb libexec/mod_curb.so

# Go here if the limit is exceeded
BandWidthExceeded http://some.other.com/sorry.html
BandWidthLimit 750Mb
BandWidthMonitorURL /bandwidth-status/

Limitations:

This module will only work for complete servers, it will not handle virtual servers at all. Eventually be an Apache 2.x module implementing this functionality for virtual hosts, but I see no reason to tidy/release it prior to more widespread adoption of Apache2.
Once the bandwidth limit has been reached the server will redirect all further requests to a user specified URL. (Usually a static page which says something like 'Bandwidth exhausted, return in an hour').
To reset things you must restart the server. If the bandwidth limit is a few hundred Mb a day then simply setup a cronjob to do the necessary restart.
This module requires the use of mod_status, and 'ExtendedStatus On' to function normally.

Common Problems

If you visit the status URL you've setup and the bandwidth transferred stays at '0' then you've almost certainly not enabled mod_status, or included 'ExtendedStatus On' in your configuration file...

What's New in This Release:

Fixed MIME-types bug
Right-align byte counts on the status page

last updated on:
October 7th, 2007, 1:05 GMT
price:
FREE!
developed by:
Steve Kemp
homepage:
www.steve.org.uk
license type:
GPL (GNU General Public License) 
category:
ROOT \ Internet \ HTTP (WWW)

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