django-permission 0.4.5

A enhanced permission system which enable object permission
django-permission is a Django app to enhanced permission system which support object permission and role based permission system.

Install

django-permission is in PyPI_ so::

 pip install django-permission

    or

  pip install git+git://github.com/lambdalisue/django-permission.git#egg=django-permission

Quick tutorial
1.  Add ``'permission'`` to ``INSTALLED_APPS`` of your ``settings.py`` and confirm ''django.contrib.auth' and 'django.contrib.contenttypes' is in ``INSTALLED_APPS``

    .. Note::
        django-permission can use `django-fenicms < https://github.com/matiasb/fenics >`_ to improve
        the visual design of change_list page in django admin if available. Add 'fenicms' to
        your ``INSTALLED_APPS`` to enable AJAX sorting, adding, expanding features.


2.  Add ``'permission.backends.PermissionBackend'`` to ``AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS`` of your ``settings.py``. If you cannot existing settings, simply add following code::

        AUTHENTICATION_BACKENDS = (
            #'django.contrib.auth.backends.ModelBackend',   # Do not use this backend with RoleBackend
            'permission.backends.ModelBackend',             # use permission.backends.ModelBackend insted
            'permission.backends.PermissionBackend',
            'permission.backends.RoleBackend',
        )


3.  Add ``permissions.py`` to the directory which contains ``models.py``. And write following codes for starting::

        from permission import registry
        from permission import PermissionHandler

        from models import YourModel

        class YourModelPermissionHandler(PermissionHandler):
            """Permission handler class for ``YourModel``. Similar with AdminSite"""
            def has_perm(self, user_obj, perm, obj=None):
                """this is called for checking permission of the model."""
                if user_obj.is_authenticated():
                    if perm == 'yourapp.add_yourmodel':
                        # Authenticated user has add permissions of this model
                        return True
                    elif obj and obj.author == user_obj:
                        # Otherwise (change/delete) user must be an author
                        return True
                # User doesn't have permission of ``perm``
                return False

        # register this ``YourModelPermissionHandler`` with ``YourModel``
        registry.register(YourModel, YourModelPermissionHandler)


Role?

django-permission has role based permission system. visit your django admin page to create/modify roles (See the screenshots below).
The role permissions are handled with ``permission.backends.RoleBackend``.

.. image:: http://s1-01.twitpicproxy.com/photos/full/528601159.png?key=943727
    :align: center

.. image:: http://s1-04.twitpicproxy.com/photos/full/528601385.png?key=9431458
    :align: center


This role system is under development. This system might not work correctly yet.

.. Note::
    Role based permission system does not support object permission and anonymous permission.
    However these permissions are handled with Individual handler based permission backend
    (``permission.backends.PermissionBackend``)


How to regulate permissions used in the handler

``PermissionHandler`` care permissions related with registered model only in default. To change
this behavior, you must define ``permissions`` attribute or ``get_permissions`` methods which
return a permission string (like 'auth.add_user') list.

``get_permissions`` return the value of ``permissions`` if the attribute is defined. Otherwise it
return all permissions related to the model in default used ``get_model_permissions`` method.

The sample code below show how to handle all permissions of the app of the model in one
``PermissionHandler``::


    from permission import registry
    from permission import PermissionHandler

    from models import YourModel
    from models import HisModel
    from models import HerModel

    class AppPermissionHandler(PermissionHandler):
        def get_permissions(self):
            # ``get_app_permissions()`` method return all permissions related
            # to the app of the model.
            return self.get_app_permissions()

        def has_perm(self, user_obj, perm, obj=None):
            if perm.endswith('_yourmodel'):
                # All user has all permissions for ``YourModel``
                return True
            elif perm.endswith('_hismodel'):
                if user_obj.is_authenticated():
                    # only authenticated user has all permissions for ``HisModel``
                    return True
            elif perm.endswith('_hermodel'):
                if user_obj.is_staff:
                    # only staff user has all permissions for ``HerModel``
                    return True
            return False

    # you have to register the handler with the model
    # even AppPermissionHandler doesn't care about model
    registry.register(YourModel, AppPermissionHandler)
    # registry.register(HisModel, AppPermissionHandler) # or you can register with HisModel
    # registry.register(HerModel, AppPermissionHandler) # or you can register with HerModel

last updated on:
May 1st, 2012, 13:43 GMT
price:
FREE!
developed by:
Alisue
homepage:
github.com
license type:
MIT/X Consortium License 
category:
ROOT \ Internet \ HTTP (WWW)

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